Many of the spaces and properties of women religious are in transition, posing challenges and heartbreaking questions to these incredible women.
No transition of a congregation’s property comes without significant discernment, questions, challenges, and often a wide range of reactions by local community members, as both sisters and their spaces are such beloved, vital members of their community and history.
Sisters are also holding and weighing tender questions about the cost of maintaining aging properties, missions, and their own eldercare.
The Response: The Nuns & Nones Research Project
One of the two main aims of the Nuns & Nones research initiative, underway in 2018, has been to try to understand what is currently happening to these sacred community, spaces and boldly ask, “what else could happen?”
With trust growing, the Nuns & Nones conversations point to an historic opportunity to meet urgent needs of both groups—for affordable housing, sanctuary and gathering space, and communities of spirit and service—by halting the razing and selling of sisters' religious properties to the speculative market, through creative models of intergenerational partnership.
Our research hopes to get a more concrete grasp of the reality women religious are facing, and what else has been tried and considered, and seed conversations with sisters with a few bold alternative direction that might be considered in light of our unique partnership across ages.
As our research continues to unfold, we'll learn more. But here's a brief glimpse into what we do know is happening, which we think helps illustrate to us the need and importance of this research.
Some of the more common stories include:
Selling for Redevelopment (Retrofitting)
Many urban congregation’s sites have been sold for redevelopment and most often have been converted into either market-rate housing or offices. Some have been converted into arts and community centers or schools.
Often, interiors are gutted, while exteriors are preserved—since these are often valued or listed as historic sites—in order to be converted into luxury condos or “mixed use” developments, e.g. retail on the ground floor with coworking above.
These are often controversial, multi-million-dollar projects that involve piecing together coalitions of stakeholders and local partners over years, and, not uncommonly, more than a few false starts, broken deals, complex politics, and pressure from local activists or preservationists.
Selling for Redevelopment (Demolition)
Unfortunately, some properties have been left vacant for some time, and also may contain inherent problems—like asbestos or mold—or may simply be in escalating real estate markets that make demolition and rebuilding seem more financially attractive than retrofitting.
Many of these sites are demolished.
Conservation Land Trusts
Many rural sites—often retreat centers, cloistered communities, or formation sites—have adopted a practice of selling an easement to a conservation land trust.
This is a compromise compared to a market-rate sale for redevelopment. While congregations usually take in less money from the sale by going this route, this decision is often made as an expression of values of care for the sacred spirit of the land, while still providing a one-time income and an ongoing tax credit that helps pay for expected healthcare and operational costs, and also maintains ownership of part of the property with key buildings on it.
“This project touched the very essence of us as humans. To give up potential financial returns on land is a total act of faith. But in the end, we felt that the integrity of the land was greater than its financial value.”
— Father Stan Kolasa, Congregation of Sacred Hearts in Wareham, Massachusetts
Conversion to Ecological Spiritual Centers or Farms
The above strategy is often combined with another for rural spaces that are, or are becoming, ecological centers and farms, such as Crown Point Ecology Center, Crystal Springs Center, and Genesis Farm, bringing in new partners, life, and connection to the community and the land.
Conversion to Catholic Worker Houses
There are also many examples of monasteries, convents, and other sister spaces that have been converted into new missions in the Catholic Worker tradition, such as Su Casa in Chicago.
Planned Transitions to Places of Care and Refuge
We have already met and learned about sister sites that are made plans for transitions into facilities that offer elder care, care for folks with special needs or in medical transitions, or care for other groups in transition (such as women returning from prison or leaving abusive relationships).
Some facilities have undergone expensive renovations to be prepared for their next planned use, and some are already welcoming folks to live together.
What else could happen?
The Nuns & Nones has announced a research initiative in response to this question.
Our goal is to uncover and elevate new ideas for sisters looking for creative direction beyond what either community could have imagined on our own, both to meet the urgent needs of community in our time, and to find ways to steward these spaces well into the future in ways that meet sisters’ financial needs and forwards their missions and charisms into a new chapter.
Interested? Find out more about the research initiative and get involved as a thought partner!